Do Adults with High Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome Differ in Empathy and Emotion Recognition?

C. B. Montgomery, C. Allison, M.-C. Lai, Sarah Cassidy, P. E. Langdon, S. Baren-Cohen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    28 Citations (Scopus)
    27 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The present study examined whether adults with high functioning autism (HFA) showed greater difficulties in their self-reported ability to empathise with others and/or their ability to read mental states in others’ eyes than adults with Asperger syndrome (AS). The Empathy Quotient (EQ) and ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes’ Test (Eyes Test) were compared in 43 adults with AS and 43 adults with HFA. No significant difference was observed on EQ score between groups, while adults with AS performed significantly better on the Eyes Test than those with HFA. This suggests that adults with HFA may need more support, particularly in mentalizing and complex emotion recognition, and raises questions about the existence of subgroups within autism spectrum conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1931-1940
    JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
    Volume46
    Issue number6
    Early online date16 Feb 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

    Bibliographical note

    This article is currently in press. Full citation details will be uploaded when available.
    Available under Open Access

    Keywords

    • Autism
    • Asperger
    • Empathy
    • Emotion
    • DSM-5

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