High-resolution direct numerical simulations are performed to study the turbulent shear flow of liquid metal in a cylindrical container. The flow is driven by an azimuthal Lorentz force induced by the interaction between the radial electric currents injected through electrodes placed at the bottom wall and a magnetic field imposed in the axial direction. All physical parameters, are aligned with the experiment by Messadek & Moreau (J. Fluid Mech. vol. 456, 2002, pp. 137-159). The simulations recover the variations of angular momentum, velocity profiles, boundary layer thickness and turbulent spectra found experimentally to a very good precision. They further reveal a transition to small scale turbulence in the wall side layer when the Reynolds number based on Hartmann layer thickness exceeds 121, and a separation of this layer for. Ekman recirculations significantly influence these quantities and determine global dissipation. This phenomenology well captured by the 2-D PSM model (Pothérat, Sommeria & Moreau, J. Fluid Mech. vol. 424, 2000, pp. 75-100) until small-scale turbulence appears and incurs significant extra dissipation only captured by 3-D simulations. Secondly, we recover the theoretical law for the cutoff scale separating large quasi-two-dimensional (Q2-D) scales from small three-dimensional ones (Sommeria & Moreau, J. Fluid Mech. vol. 118, 1982, pp. 507-518), and thus establish its validity in sheared magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) turbulence. We further find that three-componentality and three-dimensionality appear concurrently and that both the frequency corresponding to the Q2-D cutoff scale and the mean energy associated with he axial component of velocity scale with the true interaction parameter, respectively, as and.
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FunderNSFC under grant nos. 51636009, 51606183 and CAS under grant nos. XDB22040201, QYZDJ-SSW-SLH014.
- MHD turbulence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering