Developmental Language Disorder: Cognition in Childhood

Julia Carroll, Sarah Critten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Recent UK research suggests that around 10% of children show significant language difficulties at school entry. While some of these children have other developmental difficulties such as autism or Down syndrome, around 7% of the population have unexplained language difficulties or developmental language disorder (DLD). The language of children with DLD may be characterized by the use of short, simple words and sentences; difficulties in understanding instructions or following conversations; and grammatical errors that would be unusual for typically developing children. DLD is a disorder that has lifelong consequences, particularly in terms of literacy and school attainment, social relationships, and occupational outcomes. DLD is heterogeneous and often co‐occurs with other developmental difficulties, making it relatively difficult to understand the causes of the disorder.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Encyclopedia of Child and Adolescent Development
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781119171492
ISBN (Print)9781119161899
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2019


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