Development of the FFC Cambridge process for the production of titanium and its alloys

Richard Dashwood, Martin Jackson, Kevin Dring, Kartik Rao, Rohit Bhagat, Douglas Inman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The FFC Cambridge process involves the electrodeoxidation of TiO 2 in a molten CaCl2 electrolyte to yield titanium metal. This process has attracted significant interest as a potential alternative to the Kroll process for the primary production of titanium or, when a mixed oxide precursor is used, as a low-cost method for producing alloy powder. For the last five years researchers at Imperial College London have been conducting fundamental studies to ascertain the electrochemical mechanisms involved in the process as well as evaluating the potential of the process to produce titanium alloys. This paper will demonstrate how electrochemical techniques such as linear sweep voltammetry have been used to elucidate the key thermodynamic aspects of the process. The paper will also present the results obtained from the production of titanium alloys highlighting the capability of the process to produce novel and complex alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovations in Titanium Technology - TMS 2007 Annual Meeting and Exhibition
EditorsMehmet N. Gungor
Place of PublicationWarrendale, PA
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780873396653
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes
EventInnovations in Titanium Technology Symposium; - Orlando, United States
Duration: 25 Feb 20071 Mar 2007

Publication series

NameTMS Annual Meeting


ConferenceInnovations in Titanium Technology Symposium;
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Electrochemistry
  • FFC Cambridge process
  • Titanium
  • Titanium alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of the FFC Cambridge process for the production of titanium and its alloys'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this