Development of an Intelligent Real-time Multi-Person Respiratory Illnesses Sensing System using SDR Technology

Mubashir Rehman, Najah Abed Abu Ali, Muhammad Bilal Khan, Syed Aziz Shah, Akram Alomainy, Xiaodong Yang, Muhammad Ali Imran, Qammer H. Abbasi

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Abstract

Respiration monitoring plays a vital role in human health monitoring, as it is an essential indicator of vital signs. Respiration monitoring can help determine the physiological state of the human body and provide insight into certain illnesses. Recently, non-contact respiratory illness sensing methods have drawn much attention due to user acceptance and great potential for real-world deployment. Such methods can reduce stress on healthcare facilities by providing modern digital health technologies. This digital revolution in the healthcare sector will provide inexpensive and unobstructed solutions. Non-contact respiratory illness sensing is effective as it does not require users to carry devices and avoids privacy concerns. The primary objective of this research work is to develop a system for continuous real-time sensing of respiratory illnesses. In this research work, the non-contact software-defined radio (SDR) based RF technique is exploited for respiratory illness sensing. The developed system measures respiratory activity imprints on channel state information (CSI). For this purpose, an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transceiver is designed, and the developed system is tested for single-person and multi-person cases. Nine respiratory illnesses are detected and classified using machine learning algorithms (ML) with maximum accuracy of 99.7% for a single-person case. Three respiratory illnesses are detected and classified with a maximum accuracy of 93.5% and 88.4% for two- and three-person cases, respectively. The research provides an intelligent, accurate, continuous, and real-time solution for respiratory illness sensing. Furthermore, the developed system can also be deployed in office and home environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18858-18869
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Volume22
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2022

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Keywords

  • Noncontact
  • RF sensing
  • respiratory illness
  • software-defined radio (SDR)
  • universal software radio peripheral (USRP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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