Deterrence and prevention-based model to mitigate information security insider threats in organisations

Nader Sohrabi Safa, Carsten Maple, Steve Furnell, Muhammad Ajmal Azad, Charith Perera, Mohammad Dabbagh, Mehdi Sookhak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Previous studies show that information security breaches and privacy violations are important issues for organisations and people. It is acknowledged that decreasing the risk in this domain requires consideration of the technological aspects of information security alongside human aspects. Employees intentionally or unintentionally account for a significant portion of the threats to information assets in organisations. This research presents a novel conceptual framework to mitigate the risk of insiders using deterrence and prevention approaches. Deterrence factors discourage employees from engaging in information security misbehaviour in organisations, and situational crime prevention factors encourage them to prevent information security misconduct. Our findings show that perceived sanctions certainty and severity significantly influence individuals’ attitudes and deter them from information security misconduct. In addition, the output revealed that increasing the effort, risk and reducing the reward (benefits of crime) influence the employees’ attitudes towards prevent information security misbehaviour. However, removing excuses and reducing provocations do not significantly influence individuals’ attitudes towards prevent information security misconduct. Finally, the output of the data analysis also showed that subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and attitude influence individuals’ intentions, and, ultimately, their behaviour towards avoiding information security misbehaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-597
Number of pages11
JournalFuture Generation Computer Systems
Volume97
Early online date12 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Future Generation Computer Systems. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Future Generation Computer Systems, [97], (2019) DOI: 10.1016/j.future.2019.03.024

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Deterrence
  • Employee
  • Information security
  • Insider
  • Motivation
  • Organisation
  • Risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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