Intergranular strain has been associated with high-temperature cracking of welded pipework in 316 H austenitic stainless steel material used in nuclear power plant heat exchangers. In this study, neutron diffraction has been used to study the development of intergranular strains in plastically-deformed and welded 316 H stainless steel. Measurements have been made of the intergranular strain evolution with increasing plastic strain in base material, and correlated with further measurements made in samples extracted from welded pipes, where the pipes were welded following plastic deformation to different levels of plastic strain. Strong tensile strain evolution was seen on the compliant 200 grain family. The results were correlated with various proxy measures of plastic strain, including hardness and diffraction peak width, and excellent agreement was obtained.
Bibliographical notePublisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Materials Science and Engineering: A. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Materials Science and Engineering: A, [701, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2017.06.074
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- Stainless steel
- plastic strain
- intergranular stress