Le determinanti del pensiero positivo e della depressione nei giovani adulti: il contributo delle convinzioni di autoefficacia emotiva e interpersonale

Translated title of the contribution: Determinants of positive thinking and depression in young adults: The contribution of emotional and interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs

Carlo Tramontano, Guido Alessandri, Gian Vittorio Caprara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines the theoretical model proposed by Caprara (2002), that attests to the role of emotional and interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs in the promotion of individual psychosocial functioning. In particular, we investigated the relations between a typical index of maladjustment, depression, a new indicator of well-being, positive thinking, and emotional and interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs. We tested the model longitudinally on a sample of 537 young adults (232 males and 305 females), with a mean age of 19,65 years (DS = 1,5) at Time 1 and 21,67 years (DS = 1,6) at Time 2. Results confirmed the role of emotional self-efficacy beliefs as determinants of positive thinking and as protective factor from depression, both directly and indirectly, through the contribution of interpersonal selfefficacy beliefs; some relevant gender differences were also found. The longitudinal relations between depression and positive thinking were different for males and females: for females, positive thinking tends to reduce the incidence of later depression, while for males depression enhances the risk to compromise positive thinking.

Translated title of the contributionDeterminants of positive thinking and depression in young adults: The contribution of emotional and interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)85-101
Number of pages17
JournalPsicologia della Salute
Volume2007
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology

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