Designing mini-games for micro-learning: Open educational resources on cultural risks in multi-cultural organisations

Sylvester Arnab, Ludmilla Walaszczyk, Mark Lewis, Sarah Kernaghan-Andrews, Alex Masters, Jackie Calderwood, Samantha Clarke, Michael Loizou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
162 Downloads (Pure)


The need for self-directed learning for professional development drives an increase in the delivery of easy to use ‘just-in-time’ resources that respond to the often-dynamic workplace and work culture. Micro-learning has gained traction in online training, which focuses on delivering brevity through bite-sized learning units or short-term learning activities. Learning content in this case can take many forms, from text to interactive multimedia. These contents are often created on demand, which can sometimes be less contextualised and pedagogically informed. Based on a case study of the need for training on cultural risks in multi-cultural organisations, this paper focuses on the design of mini-games as playful learning resources for supporting an online learning platform that has been developed as a response to this training need. Fifteen mini-games have been developed to complement eight main topics related to cultural risks and to promote reflection, practice and the self-assessment of knowledge acquired through the platform. The main eight topics represent the risk areas identified that include cultural awareness, communication, learning styles, hierarchy, team-working, and stereotypes through a survey carried out with personnel (n=154) from large multi-cultural organisations across five countries - Cyprus, Italy, Latvia, Poland, and the UK. The discussions include unpacking the mapping of
pedagogical and gameful design considerations based on Arnab et al ‘s (2015) Learning Mechanics-Game Mechanics Mapping (LMGM) model. The paper also discusses the findings from the testing of the platform with 71 students. The insights provided will be valuable to researchers, practitioners, designers and developers of micro-learning resources.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th European Conference on Game Based Learning, ECGBL 2020
EditorsPanagiotis Fotaris
PublisherAcademic Conferences International Limited
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781912764709
ISBN (Print)9781912764716
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event14th European Conference on Game Based Learning: ECGBL 2020 - Online, Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: 24 Sept 202025 Sept 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the European Conference on Games-based Learning
ISSN (Print)2049-0992


Conference14th European Conference on Game Based Learning
Abbreviated titleECGBL 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • Cultural risks
  • E-learning
  • Game-based learning
  • Micro-learning
  • Mini-games

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Education


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  • CULT-Risk

    Arnab, S., Lewis, M. & Masters, A.


    Project: Research

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