Designing an efficient tidal turbine blade through bio-mimicry: A systematic review

Siddharth Kulkarni, Craig Chapman, Hanifa Shah, Erika Parn, David John Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract


Purpose
This paper aims to conduct a comprehensive literature review in the tidal energy physics, the ocean environment, hydrodynamics of horizontal axis tidal turbines and bio-mimicry.

Design/methodology/approach
The paper provides an insight of the tidal turbine blade design and need for renewable energy sources to generate electricity through clean energy sources and less CO2 emission. The ocean environment, along with hydrodynamic design principles of a horizontal axis tidal turbine blade, is described, including theoretical maximum efficiency, blade element momentum theory and non-dimensional forces acting on tidal turbine blades.

Findings
This review gives an overview of fish locomotion identifying the attributes of the swimming like lift-based thrust propulsion, the locomotion driving factors: dorsal fins, caudal fins in propulsion, which enable the fish to be efficient even at low tidal velocities.

Originality/value
Finally, after understanding the phenomenon of caudal fin propulsion and its relationship with tidal turbine blade hydrodynamics, this review focuses on the implications of bio-mimicking a curved caudal fin to design an efficient horizontal axis tidal turbine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-124
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Engineering, Design and Technology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Turbomachine blades
Turbines
Propulsion
Hydrodynamics
Fish
Momentum
Electricity
Physics

Bibliographical note

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

Keywords

  • Bio-mimicry
  • Tidal energy
  • Ocean environment
  • Horizontal axis tidal turbine

Cite this

Designing an efficient tidal turbine blade through bio-mimicry : A systematic review. / Kulkarni, Siddharth; Chapman, Craig; Shah, Hanifa; Parn, Erika ; Edwards, David John.

In: Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2018, p. 101-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kulkarni, Siddharth ; Chapman, Craig ; Shah, Hanifa ; Parn, Erika ; Edwards, David John. / Designing an efficient tidal turbine blade through bio-mimicry : A systematic review. In: Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology. 2018 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 101-124.
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AU - Edwards, David John

N1 - Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

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N2 - PurposeThis paper aims to conduct a comprehensive literature review in the tidal energy physics, the ocean environment, hydrodynamics of horizontal axis tidal turbines and bio-mimicry.Design/methodology/approachThe paper provides an insight of the tidal turbine blade design and need for renewable energy sources to generate electricity through clean energy sources and less CO2 emission. The ocean environment, along with hydrodynamic design principles of a horizontal axis tidal turbine blade, is described, including theoretical maximum efficiency, blade element momentum theory and non-dimensional forces acting on tidal turbine blades.FindingsThis review gives an overview of fish locomotion identifying the attributes of the swimming like lift-based thrust propulsion, the locomotion driving factors: dorsal fins, caudal fins in propulsion, which enable the fish to be efficient even at low tidal velocities.Originality/valueFinally, after understanding the phenomenon of caudal fin propulsion and its relationship with tidal turbine blade hydrodynamics, this review focuses on the implications of bio-mimicking a curved caudal fin to design an efficient horizontal axis tidal turbine.

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