Design of Portable Exoskeleton Forearm for Rehabilitation of Monoparesis Patients Using Tendon Flexion Sensing Mechanism for Health Care Applications

Muhammad Saad bin Imtiaz , Channa Babar Ali, Zareena Kausar , Syed Yaseen Shah, Syed Aziz Shah, Ahmad Jawad, Muhammad Ali Imran , Qammer Hussain Abbasi

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    1 Citation (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Technology plays a vital role in patient rehabilitation, improving the quality of life of an individual. The increase in functional independence of disabled individuals requires adaptive and commercially available solutions. The use of sensor-based technology helps patients and therapeutic practices beyond traditional therapy. Adapting skeletal tracking technology could automate exercise tracking, records, and feedback for patient motivation and clinical treatment interventions and planning. In this paper, an exoskeleton was designed and subsequently developed for patients who are suffering from monoparesis in the upper extremities. The exoskeleton was developed according to the dimensions of a patient using a 3D scanner, and then fabricated with a 3D printer; the mechanism for the movement of the hand is a tendon flexion mechanism with servo motor actuators controlled by an ATMega2560 microcontroller. The exoskeleton was used for force augmentation of the patient’s hand by taking the input from the hand via flex sensors, and assisted the patient in closing, opening, grasping, and picking up objects, and it was also able to perform certain exercises for the rehabilitation of the patient. The exoskeleton is portable, reliable, durable, intuitive, and easy to install and use at any time
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1279
    Number of pages19
    JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
    Volume10
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2021

    Bibliographical note

    This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).

    Keywords

    • sensing mechanism
    • exoskeleton Forearm
    • flex sensors
    • monoparesis
    • rehabilitation

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