Design, Development and Evaluation of 5G-Enabled Vehicular Services: The 5G-HEART Perspective

Grigorios Kakkavas, Maria Diamanti, Adamantia Stamou, Vasileios Karyotis, Faouzi Bouali, Jarno Pinola, Olli Apilo, Symeon Papavassiliou, Klaus Moessner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)
    45 Downloads (Pure)


    The ongoing transition towards 5G technology expedites the emergence of a variety of mobile applications that pertain to different vertical industries. Delivering on the key commitment of 5G, these diverse service streams, along with their distinct requirements, should be facilitated under the same unified network infrastructure. Consequently, in order to unleash the benefits brought by 5G technology, a holistic approach towards the requirement analysis and the design, development, and evaluation of multiple concurrent vertical services should be followed. In this paper, we focus on the Transport vertical industry, and we study four novel vehicular service categories, each one consisting of one or more related specific scenarios, within the framework of the “5G Health, Aquaculture and Transport (5G-HEART)” 5G PPP ICT-19 (Phase 3) project. In contrast to the majority of the literature, we provide a holistic overview of the overall life-cycle management required for the realization of the examined vehicular use cases. This comprises the definition and analysis of the network Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) resulting from high-level user requirements and their interpretation in terms of the underlying network infrastructure tasked with meeting their conflicting or converging needs. Our approach is complemented by the experimental investigation of the real unified 5G pilot’s characteristics that enable the delivery of the considered vehicular services and the initial trialling results that verify the effectiveness and feasibility of the presented theoretical analysis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number426
    Number of pages23
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2022

    Bibliographical note

    This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and
    conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( 4.0/).

    Funding Information:
    Funding: This work was supported by the European Commission in the framework of the H2020-ICT-19-2019 project 5G-HEART (Grant Agreement No. 857034).

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


    • 5G mobile communications
    • Key performance indicators
    • Network requirements
    • Network slicing
    • Transport vertical
    • Validation trials
    • Vehicular services

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Information Systems
    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Biochemistry
    • Instrumentation
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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