Desalination

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Desalination offers a technological alternative to transform the inexhaustible supply of sea water into potable fresh water and could assist alleviating future water scarcity. Desalination technologies are classified under two broad categories: distillation processes and membrane processes. In addition to the more established technologies used today, there are emerging methods under active development, with some nearing commercialisation. These new emerging desalination technologies are described in this chapter. Reduction in the cost of membranes, high-permeability membranes, improved operational efficiency and integration of energy recovery processes in the last few years have made membrane technology more economical to thermal desalination processes and competitive with other alternative and conventional means of water supply. The chapter illustrates an example of a commercially available small RO plant. It discusses related issues of environmental impacts, renewable energy sources (RES), and sustainable water supplies. The chapter also presents a case study on The Thames Water Desalination Plant
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWater Resources in the Built Environment
Subtitle of host publicationManagement Issues and Solutions
EditorsColin A Booth, Sue M Charlesworth
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherWiley
Pages92 - 103
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-0-470-67091-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Distillation processes
  • Membrane processes
  • Renewable energy sources (RES)
  • Sustainable water supplies
  • Thames Water Desalination Plant
  • Water desalination

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  • Cite this

    Ifelebuegu, A., Charlesworth, S., & Booth, C. A. (2014). Desalination. In C. A. Booth, & S. M. Charlesworth (Eds.), Water Resources in the Built Environment: Management Issues and Solutions (pp. 92 - 103). Oxford: Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118809167.ch8