Defect processes of M3AlC2 (M = V, Zr, Ta, Ti) MAX phases

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Abstract

The interest on the Mn+1AXn phases (M = early transition metal; A = group 13–16 element and X = C and/or N) stems from their combination of advantageous metallic and ceramic properties. Aluminium containing 312 MAX phases in particular are deemed to enhance high-temperature oxidation resistance. In the present study, we use density functional theory calculations to study the intrinsic defect processes of M3AlC2 MAX phases (M = V, Zr, Ta, Ti). The calculations reveal that Ti3AlC2 is the more radiation tolerant 312 MAX phase considered here. In Ti3AlC2 the carbon Frenkel reaction is the lowest energy defect process with 3.17 eV. Results are discussed in view of recent experimental and theoretical results of related systems.

Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Solid State Communications. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Solid State Communications, [(in press), (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.ssc.2017.06.001

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-56
Number of pages3
JournalSolid State Communications
Volume261
Early online date9 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • MAX Phases
  • DFT

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