Cultivating "success" and "failure" in policy: Participatory irrigation management in Nepal

M. Singh, J. Liebrand, D. Joshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Introduced over a decade ago and considered largely successful by irrigation professionals, Irrigation Management Transfer and Participatory Irrigation Management (IMT/PIM) policies were recently reviewed and seen to have resulted in more cases of “failure” than “success”. Primary research on two IMT/PIM projects in Nepal, which were among the few “successes” in the assessment supporting a “failed” PIM, shows how such policy-driven evaluations, when defining success, overlook incongruities between policies, institutions, and the evolving dynamics around class, caste, ethnicity, and gender. Without exploring the dynamics of practice, the process of “cultivating” success and/or failure in evaluations provides little insight on how irrigation management works on the ground.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-173
Number of pages19
JournalDevelopment in Practice
Issue number2
Early online date30 May 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Irrigation
  • Participation
  • Aid
  • Development policies
  • South Asia

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