CSR Uptake in Non-Western Contexts: the Impact of Institutional Environment and Entrepreneurs

Petya Koleva, Lee Quinn

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The impact of institutional environment and institutional entrepreneurs for corporate social responsibility (CSR) uptake, practice and process in the context of Western countries has been extensively examined. However, while these examinations are insightful, it is not clear if other conditions and influencing factors in relation to the institutional environment and institutional entrepreneurs foreign to the West exist. If indeed they do, this raises questions related to the extent to which they may influence CSR practice and process. The paucity of such research restricts and prevents a more comprehensive understanding of the role and impact of institutional dynamics and underlying processes for CSR. From a practice perspective, CSR managers and organisational leaders miss the opportunity to utilise CSR as an instrument serving organisational interests and legitimacy. Consequently, this study investigates the impact of institutional environment and institutional entrepreneurs for CSR uptake, practice and process from a non-Western perspective. Employing an exploratory research design within a range of public and private sector organisations, we interrogate the phenomenon from the perspective of key actors involved in its formulation. The findings evidence a set of distinct institutional dynamics and institutional entrepreneurs that contribute to the formulation of specific CSR. The identified forms of CSR reveal organisational attempts for adaptation to the institutional dynamics and for preserving organisational legitimacy. Therefore, our work provides important contributions to the CSR debate by outlining factors and conditions specific for non-Western countries that result in context-driven forms of CSR. These findings offer a number of insightful and substantives considerations for practitioners and policy makers involved in the development of CSR.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12873
JournalAcademy of Management Proceedings
Issue number1
Early online date26 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021
Event81st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management -
Duration: 29 Jul 20214 Aug 2021


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