Cross-validation of the Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy Second Edition (CAPL-2): the case of a Chinese population

Ming Hui Li, Raymond Kim Wai Sum, Mark Tremblay, Cindy Hui Ping Sit, Amy Sau Ching Ha, Stephen Heung Sang Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The present study aimed to culturally adapt the Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy, Second Edition (CAPL-2) and examine its validity and reliability among Chinese children aged 8 to 12 years. The original manual of CAPL-2 was translated and culturally adapted from English into Chinese. A total of 327 children (153 boys, mean age = 10.0) completed CAPL-2 (Chinese) assessments. Internal consistency reliability and construct validity for subscales and total model was explored. Results reported a good fit after adjusting for covariation paths, chi-square (χ 2 = 70.16, df = 43, p < 0.05), RMSEA = 0.04, 90% CI (0.024–0.062), CFI = 0.94, TLI = 0.90. Motivation and Confidence showed a good internal consistency (α = 0.82), compared to Knowledge and Understanding (α = 0.52). In general, there were few significant correlations between age and the subdomains as developmentally expected, and gender differences were observed with boys performing better than girls in total CAPL2 (Chinese) scores. This study was the first to cross-validate the CAPL-2 into the Chinese population. CAPL-2 (Chinese) offers the possibility of assessing physical literacy for researchers and practitioners and Chinese children’s physical literacy development could be easily tracked in school settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2850-2857
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number24
Early online date13 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


This work was supported by the Chinese University of Hong Kong [EDU2018-052].


  • Child
  • physical literacy assessment;
  • China
  • validity


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