Criticality in the randomness-induced second-order phase transition of the triangular Ising antiferromagnet with nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor interactions

Nikolaos G. Fytas, A. Malakis

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using a Wang–Landau entropic sampling scheme, we investigate the effects of quenched bond randomness on a particular case of a triangular Ising model with nearest- (Jnn) and next-nearest-neighbor (Jnnn) antiferromagnetic interactions. We consider the case R=Jnnn/Jnn=1, for which the pure model is known to have a columnar ground state where rows of nearest-neighbor spins up and down alternate and undergo a weak first-order phase transition from the ordered to the paramagnetic state. With the introduction of quenched bond randomness we observe the effects signaling the expected conversion of the first-order phase transition to a second-order phase transition and using the Lee–Kosterlitz method, we quantitatively verify this conversion. The emerging, under random bonds, continuous transition shows a strongly saturating specific heat behavior, corresponding to a negative exponent α, and belongs to a new distinctive universality class with ν=1.135(11), γ/ν=1.744(9), and β/ν=0.124(8). Thus, our results for the critical exponents support an extensive but weak universality and the emerged continuous transition has the same magnetic critical exponent (but a different thermal critical exponent) as a wide variety of two-dimensional (2d) systems without and with quenched disorder.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4950–4958
JournalPhysica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Volume388
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2009

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Antiferromagnet
Criticality
Ising
Randomness
Critical Exponents
Triangular
Nearest Neighbor
Phase Transition
First-order Phase Transition
Universality
exponents
Interaction
Quenched Disorder
2-D Systems
interactions
Two-dimensional Systems
Specific Heat
Alternate
Ising Model
Ground State

Bibliographical note

The full text is currently unavailable on the repository.

Keywords

  • Quenched bond randomness
  • Weak universality
  • First-order transitions
  • Triangular Ising model
  • superantiferromagnetism
  • Entropic sampling

Cite this

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title = "Criticality in the randomness-induced second-order phase transition of the triangular Ising antiferromagnet with nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor interactions",
abstract = "Using a Wang–Landau entropic sampling scheme, we investigate the effects of quenched bond randomness on a particular case of a triangular Ising model with nearest- (Jnn) and next-nearest-neighbor (Jnnn) antiferromagnetic interactions. We consider the case R=Jnnn/Jnn=1, for which the pure model is known to have a columnar ground state where rows of nearest-neighbor spins up and down alternate and undergo a weak first-order phase transition from the ordered to the paramagnetic state. With the introduction of quenched bond randomness we observe the effects signaling the expected conversion of the first-order phase transition to a second-order phase transition and using the Lee–Kosterlitz method, we quantitatively verify this conversion. The emerging, under random bonds, continuous transition shows a strongly saturating specific heat behavior, corresponding to a negative exponent α, and belongs to a new distinctive universality class with ν=1.135(11), γ/ν=1.744(9), and β/ν=0.124(8). Thus, our results for the critical exponents support an extensive but weak universality and the emerged continuous transition has the same magnetic critical exponent (but a different thermal critical exponent) as a wide variety of two-dimensional (2d) systems without and with quenched disorder.",
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N2 - Using a Wang–Landau entropic sampling scheme, we investigate the effects of quenched bond randomness on a particular case of a triangular Ising model with nearest- (Jnn) and next-nearest-neighbor (Jnnn) antiferromagnetic interactions. We consider the case R=Jnnn/Jnn=1, for which the pure model is known to have a columnar ground state where rows of nearest-neighbor spins up and down alternate and undergo a weak first-order phase transition from the ordered to the paramagnetic state. With the introduction of quenched bond randomness we observe the effects signaling the expected conversion of the first-order phase transition to a second-order phase transition and using the Lee–Kosterlitz method, we quantitatively verify this conversion. The emerging, under random bonds, continuous transition shows a strongly saturating specific heat behavior, corresponding to a negative exponent α, and belongs to a new distinctive universality class with ν=1.135(11), γ/ν=1.744(9), and β/ν=0.124(8). Thus, our results for the critical exponents support an extensive but weak universality and the emerged continuous transition has the same magnetic critical exponent (but a different thermal critical exponent) as a wide variety of two-dimensional (2d) systems without and with quenched disorder.

AB - Using a Wang–Landau entropic sampling scheme, we investigate the effects of quenched bond randomness on a particular case of a triangular Ising model with nearest- (Jnn) and next-nearest-neighbor (Jnnn) antiferromagnetic interactions. We consider the case R=Jnnn/Jnn=1, for which the pure model is known to have a columnar ground state where rows of nearest-neighbor spins up and down alternate and undergo a weak first-order phase transition from the ordered to the paramagnetic state. With the introduction of quenched bond randomness we observe the effects signaling the expected conversion of the first-order phase transition to a second-order phase transition and using the Lee–Kosterlitz method, we quantitatively verify this conversion. The emerging, under random bonds, continuous transition shows a strongly saturating specific heat behavior, corresponding to a negative exponent α, and belongs to a new distinctive universality class with ν=1.135(11), γ/ν=1.744(9), and β/ν=0.124(8). Thus, our results for the critical exponents support an extensive but weak universality and the emerged continuous transition has the same magnetic critical exponent (but a different thermal critical exponent) as a wide variety of two-dimensional (2d) systems without and with quenched disorder.

KW - Quenched bond randomness

KW - Weak universality

KW - First-order transitions

KW - Triangular Ising model

KW - superantiferromagnetism

KW - Entropic sampling

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JO - Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications

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