Creating practical cyborgs

Kevin Warwick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this paper we consider the creative realisation of new beings — namely, cyborgs. These can be brought about in a number of ways, and several versions are discussed. A key feature is merging biological and technological sections into an overall living operational whole. A practical look is taken at how the use of implant and electrode technology can be employed to open up new paths between humans/animals and technology, especially linking the brain directly with external entities. Actual experimentation in each of the different cyborg forms perhaps defines the paper’s contents more than anything else. Considered are RFID implants, magnet implants, deep brain stimulation, Braingate implants and growing biological brains in robot bodies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-181
JournalPragmatics and Cognition
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


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