Cracking Behavior of Gd2Zr2O7/YSZ Multi-Layered Thermal Barrier Coatings Deposited by Suspension Plasma Spray

Mohamed Amer, Nicholas Curry, Qamar Hayat, Rohit Sharma, Vit Janik, Xiang Zhang, Jon Nottingham, Mingwen Bai

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A new multi-layered thermal barrier coating system (TBCs) containing gadolinium zirconate (GZ, Gd2Zr2O7) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) was developed using suspension plasma spray (SPS) to improve the overall thermal cycling performance. This study focuses on the cracking behavior of the GZ/YSZ TBC after thermal exposure to find out the key factors that limit its lifetime. Different cracking behaviors were detected depending on the thermal treatment condition (i.e., horizontal cracks within the ceramic layer and at the thermally grown oxide (TGO)/YSZ interface) which can be related to stresses developed through thermal expansion mismatch and increased TGO thickness beyond a critical value, respectively. A reduction in hardness of bond coat (BC) was measured by nanoindentation and linked with the thermally activated grain growth mechanism. The hardness and elastic modulus of ceramic layers (GZ and YSZ) showed an increased trend after treatment that contributed to the interfacial cracks.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107
Pages (from-to)107
Number of pages19
Issue number1
Early online date6 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright: © 2023 by the authors.Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://


  • gadolinium zirconate (GZ)
  • thermal barrier coatings (TBCs)
  • multi-layered structure
  • suspension plasma spray (SPS)
  • microstructure
  • hardness
  • elastic modulus


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