Courses of Action for Improving the Safety of the Powered Cycle

Huw Davies, Luc Vinckx

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the possibility to include a number of safety features from passenger cars in powered cycles with three or four wheels, whilst complying with the legal definitions and requirements, and also the legal conditions to use the bicycle lanes. The differences between technical specifications contained within EU law for pedal cycle with pedal assistance, powered cycles, quadricycles and passenger cars will be explained. Further, examples of traffic code rules with respect to the use of bicycle lanes in different countries will be discussed. Finally, the need for new safety criteria for powered cycles, replacing the existing power limit, is highlighted. In addition to the above, the need for a different technical approach to deal with the stability of 1 m wide e-bikes with a vehicle height similar to a mainstream passenger car will be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmall Electric Vehicles
Subtitle of host publicationAn International View on Light Three- and Four-Wheelers
EditorsAmelie Ewert, Huw Davies, Mascha Brost, Stephan Schmid, Luc Vinckx
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-65843-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-65842-7
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Open Access This book is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s)


  • Vehicle Safety
  • Regulation
  • Powered Cycle
  • Modal shifts


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