Coupling Behavior of Autogenous and Autonomous Self-Healing Techniques for Durable Concrete

Ahmed Hassanin, Amr El-Nemr, Hesham F. Shaaban, Messaoud Saidani, Ibrahim Shaaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Recent research on self-healing concrete has shown some drawbacks and conflicts between the different techniques such as difficulty in casting, healing agent release, preparation complexity, high safety requirements against bacteria protection, undesirable expansion, and uncertainty in healing product generation. Despite these limitations, the hybrid technique was suggested and showed promising results. This paper explores the hybridization of the two techniques; autonomous and autogenous by utilizing the B. subtilis bacteria, mineral admixtures like fly ash, and Polyvinyl alcohol fibers (PVA) together. The experimental program involves assessing the self-healing efficiency when coupling the bacteria, fly ash, and PVA fiber by assigning six mixtures, including a control OPC. The six mixtures encountered the Bacteria addition at certain concentrations and varying PVA fiber percentages; 1, 1.5, and 2% while partially replacing the cement replacement with 20% fly ash, while the last mixture combines both the bacteria, fly ash and 1% PVA fiber. Mechanical properties such as compressive and flexural strength, in addition to, water absorption and sorptivity as transport properties were examined for concrete repair and restoration purposes. The results reveal that the B. subtilis bacteria significantly enhance the compressive and flexural strength recovery along with lowering sorptivity and absorption rate compared to those with PVA addition when exposed to wet and dry cycles of curing at 28 days of age. The coupling effect, on the other hand, provides a substantial gain in strength of 63% at a longer age (56 days), indicating the potential of this approach for long-term concrete repair. Despite the challenges of the B. subtilis survival bacteria, the coupling of both bacteria and PVA fiber demonstrates superior performance in maintaining the durability of repaired concrete in the long term.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering
Early online date1 Feb 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Feb 2024


  • Self-healing techniques
  • Absorption
  • Durability
  • Concrete repair
  • Crack widths
  • Mechanical properties


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