Cost efficiency analysis in banking industries of ten Asian countries and regions

Hailin Liao, Zhi Shen, Tom Weyman-Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Despite the great achievement of three decades of economic reform, the
Chinese banking sector takes the blame for its dysfunctional system,
especially the large amount of non-performing loans. The ease of foreign
banks’ entry set by the WTO from December 2007 raises our concern of the
capability of domestic banks to compete against foreign Asian banks. This
study attempts to address this issue by measuring the cost efficiency of ten
major Asian banking industries from 1998 to 2005 using panel data
stochastic frontier approaches. Based on our preferred consistent panel
data estimating models, the higher cost efficiency score from including
cross-country environmental variables suggests that differences between
countries can explain part of the inefficiency. We also find that the overall
cost efficiency level of Chinese commercial banks ranks in the fifth place,
suggesting that Chinese banks still need to strengthen their ability in
competition. Some policy implications are also suggested.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-218
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • stochastic frontier approach
  • panel data
  • banking efficiency


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