Corporate Social Responsibility & Firm Efficiency: Evidence from Endogenous Cost Inefficiency Stochastic Frontier Analysis

T. Van Binh, Abay Mulatu, Boying Xu

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Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between firms’ performance in corporate social responsibility (CSR) and cost efficiency. We use a newly developed panel data model of stochastic frontier analysis that endogenizes cost efficiency. The dataset consists of 1,673 firms from ten provinces in Vietnam over three years: 2009, 2011 and 2013. Our results suggest that CSR can enhance cost efficiency of firms. This positive effect of CSR on efficiency can be masked if cost efficiency is treated
as exogenous or endogeneity is not handled appropriately. The upshot is that our results challenge the widely held view of the existence of a trade-off between CSR and firm efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6380-6392
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Economics
Volume54
Issue number55
Early online date1 May 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords

  • Stochastic frontier models
  • CSR
  • efficiency
  • Vietnamese enterprises

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