Construction and initial validation of the E-Work Life scale to measure remote e-working

Christine Grant, Louise Wallace, Peter Spurgeon, Carlo Tramontano, Maria Charalampous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop and provide initial validation for the new E-Work Life (EWL) Scale. This measure assesses a range of theoretically relevant aspects of the e-working experience related to four main areas: job effectiveness, relationship with the organisation, well-being and work-life balance. Design/methodology/approach: This study presents structured item development. Internal validity and reliability were tested on a sample of 260 e-workers (65 per cent female, age range 25–74). Correlations of the EWL scale with a measure of general health were tested on a subsample of 119 workers to provide initial evidence of construct validity. Findings: Exploratory factor analysis supported a 17-item scale assessing four factors: work-life interference, productivity, organisational trust and flexibility. Individual well-being was measured and a pattern of significant correlations against four factors as indicators of general health were found, including mental health and vitality. Research limitations/implications: A new sample would confirm the strength of the EWL scale alongside further tests of validity. Coping strategies related to the scale would aid mapping of individual competencies for remote e-working to promote e-workers’ self-management, management style and organisational policy. Practical implications: The EWL scale helps organisations to evaluate and support the well-being of remote e-workers. It provides measurement on three levels: individual, supervisory and organisational, whereby practical strategies for improvement can be linked to the scale. Originality/value: The EWL scale completes a gap in the research by providing a measure aiding organisations to evaluate and support remote e-worker well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-33
Number of pages18
JournalEmployee Relations
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2019

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Workers
Well-being
Health
Factors
Competency
Design methodology
Organizational policy
Mental health
Construct validity
Self-management
Internal validity
Exploratory factor analysis
Productivity
Coping strategies
Work-life balance
Interference
Organizational trust
Management styles
Organizational flexibility

Bibliographical note

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

Keywords

  • Well-being
  • Work-life balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Cite this

Construction and initial validation of the E-Work Life scale to measure remote e-working. / Grant, Christine; Wallace, Louise; Spurgeon, Peter; Tramontano, Carlo; Charalampous, Maria.

In: Employee Relations, Vol. 41, No. 1, 07.01.2019, p. 16-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grant, Christine ; Wallace, Louise ; Spurgeon, Peter ; Tramontano, Carlo ; Charalampous, Maria. / Construction and initial validation of the E-Work Life scale to measure remote e-working. In: Employee Relations. 2019 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 16-33.
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