Consistency and mechanical properties of sustainable concrete blended with brick dust waste cementitious materials

Samuel Amakye, Samuel Abbey, Adegoke Olubanwo

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Abstract

The reuse of waste materials in civil engineering projects has become the topic for many researchers due to their economic and environmental benefits. In this study, brick dust waste (BDW) derived from cutting of masonry bricks and
demolition waste which are normally dumped as land fill is used as partial replacement of cement in a concrete mix at 10%, 20% and 30% respectively, with the aim of achieving high strength in concrete using less cement due to the environmental problems associated with the cement production. To ascertain the effects of BDW on the consistency and mechanical performance of concrete mix, laboratory investigations on the workability of fresh concrete and the strength
of hardened concrete were carried out. Slump and compaction index test were carried out on fresh concrete mix and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) test and tensile strength test were conducted on hardened concrete specimen
after 7, 14 and 28 days of curing. The results showed high UCS and tensile strength with the addition of 10% BDW to the concrete mix, hence achieving the set target in accordance with the relevant British standards. A gradual reduction in strength was observed as BDW content increases, however, recording good workability as slump and compaction index results fell within the set target range in accordance with relevant British standards. Findings from this study concluded that BDW can partially replace cement in a concrete mix to up to 30% igniting the path to a cleaner production of novel concrete using BDW in construction work.
Original languageEnglish
Article number420
Number of pages12
JournalA Springer Nature Journal (SN Applied Sciences)
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2021

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Keywords

  • Brick dust waste
  • Partial cement replacement
  • Construction demolition waste
  • Unconfned compressive strength
  • Tensile splitting strength
  • Workability
  • Green concrete

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