Confirmatory factor analysis of the Way of Coping Checklist-Revised (WCCL-R) in the Asian context

Sukanlaya Sawang, Tian Oei, Yong Wah Goh, Wilman Mansoer, Enoch Markhum, D. Ranawake

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Abstract

Industrial employment growth has been one of the most dynamic areas of expansion in Asia; however, current trends in industrialised working environments have resulted in greater employee stress. Despite research showing that cultural values affect the way people cope with stress, there is a dearth of psychometrically established tools for use in non-Western countries to measure these constructs. Studies of the "Way of Coping Checklist-Revised" (WCCL-R) in the West suggest that the WCCL-R has good psychometric properties, but its applicability in the East is still understudied. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) is used to validate the WCCL-R constructs in an Asian population. This study used 1,314 participants from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Singapore, and Thailand. An initial exploratory factor analysis revealed that original structures were not confirmed; however, a subsequent EFA and CFA showed that a 38-item, five-factor structure model was confirmed. The revised WCCL-R in the Asian sample was also found to have good reliability and sound construct and concurrent validity. The 38-item structure of the WCCL-R has considerable potential in future occupational stress-related research in Asian countries. Publisher Statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sawang, S, Oei, T, Goh, YW, Mansoer, W, Markhum, E & Ranawake, D 2010, 'Confirmatory factor analysis of the Way of Coping Checklist-Revised (WCCL-R) in the Asian context' Applied Psychology : An International Review, vol 59, no. 2, pp. 202-219, which has been published in final form at https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2009.00378.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-219
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Psychology : An International Review
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2010

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sawang, S, Oei, T, Goh, YW, Mansoer, W, Markhum, E & Ranawake, D 2010, 'Confirmatory factor analysis of the Way of Coping Checklist-Revised (WCCL-R) in the Asian context' Applied Psychology : An International Review, vol 59, no. 2, pp. 202-219, which has been published in final form at https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2009.00378.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Keywords

  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • Asian
  • WCCL-R
  • Way of Coping Checklist-Revised

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