Computational analysis of airflow distribution inside Mevlana museum

M Özgür, Essam Abo-Serie

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Abstract

In this study, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has been employed to examine the air flow distribution inside Mevlana museum which is one of the important historical places in Turkey. The continuity, momentum and energy equations together with the k-ε turbulence model have been solved using a commercial CFD package. Steady and incompressible flow assumptions have been made to simplify the simulation and reducing the computation time. Sample of the velocity vector plots at different distances from the ground floor of the museum showed circulation zones and vortices at some areas indicating poor air refreshment and possible contaminant emissions. Low velocity areas are also noticeable in some places particularly behind the pillars and any flow obstructs. The dome was found to be a source of enhancing the air flow distribution and flow motion inside the museum. The study concluded that the natural air flow distribution can be improved by different combinations of opening windows and doors based on the wind speed and direction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of The Institute of Natural & Applied Sciences
Volume19
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Museum airflow distribution
  • Building Ventilation
  • Building CFD flow

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