Compromised Energy and Macronutrient Intake of Ultra-endurance Runners During a Multi-stage Ultra-marathon Conducted in a Hot Ambient Environment

R. J. S. Costa, A. J. M. Swancott, S. Gill, Joanne Hankey, V. Scheer, A. Murray, Charles D. Thake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Energy and macronutrient intake of ultra-endurance runners (UER n=74; control (CON) n=12) during a 5-days 225km multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM) in the heat (Tmax 32-40˚C), were determined through dietary recall interview and analysed by dietary analysis software. Body mass (BM) and urinary ketones were determined pre- and post-stage. Recovery, appetite and gastrointestinal symptoms were monitored daily. Pre-stage BM, total daily energy (overall mean: 3348kcal/day), protein (1.5g/kgBM/day), carbohydrate (7.5g/kgBM/day) and fat (1.4g/kgBM/day) intakes did not differ between stages in UER. CON presented a daily macronutrient profile closer to benchmark recommendations than UER. Carbohydrate intake pre-stage (102g), during running (24g/h) and immediately post-stage (1.7g/kgBM), and protein intake post-stage (0.3g/kgBM) did not differ between stages, and were below benchmark recommendations in the majority of UER. Post-stage urinary ketones increased in UER as competition progressed (Stage 1: 16% vs. Stage 5: 32%). Gastrointestinal distresses and appetite suppression were reported by 85% and 72% of UER, respectively, along the MSUM. Correlations between subjective symptomology, energy and carbohydrate intakes were observed in UER (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-62
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

The full text is available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.5923/j.sports.20130302.03

Keywords

  • Heat
  • Running
  • Endurance
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Appetite
  • Carbohydrates

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