Thermal performance of vacuum glazing predicted by using two-dimensional (2-D) finite element and three-dimensional (3-D) finite volume models are presented. In the 2-D model, the vacuum space, including the pillar arrays, was represented by a material whose effective thermal conductivity was determined from the specified vacuum space width, the heat conduction through the pillar array and the calculated radiation heat transfer between the two interior glass surfaces within the vacuum gap. In the 3-D model, the support pillar array was incorporated and modelled within the glazing unit directly. The predicted difference in overall heat transfer coefficients between the two models for the vacuum window simulated was less than 3%. A guarded hot box calorimeter was used to determine the experimental thermal performance of vacuum glazing. The experimentally determined overall heat transfer coefficient and temperature profiles along the central line of the vacuum glazing are in very good agreement with the predictions made using the 2-D and 3-D models.
- Thermal performance
- Finite element model
- Finite volume model
- Vacuum glazing
Fang, Y., Hyde, T., Hewitt, N., Eames, P., & Norton, B. (2009). Comparison of vacuum glazing thermal performance predicted using two-and three-dimensional models and their experimental validation. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 93(9), 1492-1498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2009.03.025