Comparison of knowledge and psychological well-being between patients with a short disease duration (≤1 year) and patients with more established rheumatoid arthritis (≥10 years duration)

Julie H. Barlow, Lesley A. Cullen, I. Rowe

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Abstract

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of short disease duration (i.e. ≤1 year) were compared with patients of longer disease duration (i.e. ≥10 years) in terms of RA knowledge, symptoms of anxiety, symptoms of depression and disease acceptance. In addition, the predictors of psychological distress (i.e. symptoms of anxiety and depression) were examined. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires. As expected, patients with more established disease were significantly older and had more physical dysfunction. However, there were no statistically significant differences on anxiety, depression, acceptance of illness, pain or knowledge about RA. The need for education regarding RA and its implications was expressed by all participants regardless of disease duration. Illness acceptance beliefs were identified as significant predictors of both anxiety and depression.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-203
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Rheumatoid Arthritis
Psychology
Anxiety
Depression
Education
Pain

Bibliographical note

Lesley Cullen has subsequently changed her name to Lesley Powell.
The full-text of this article is not currently available from this repository.

Keywords

  • psychological well-being
  • knowledge
  • patient education
  • rheumatoid arthritis

Cite this

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abstract = "Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of short disease duration (i.e. ≤1 year) were compared with patients of longer disease duration (i.e. ≥10 years) in terms of RA knowledge, symptoms of anxiety, symptoms of depression and disease acceptance. In addition, the predictors of psychological distress (i.e. symptoms of anxiety and depression) were examined. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires. As expected, patients with more established disease were significantly older and had more physical dysfunction. However, there were no statistically significant differences on anxiety, depression, acceptance of illness, pain or knowledge about RA. The need for education regarding RA and its implications was expressed by all participants regardless of disease duration. Illness acceptance beliefs were identified as significant predictors of both anxiety and depression.",
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