Comparison of degradation between indigenous and spiked bisphenol A and triclosan in a biosolids amended soil

Kate A. Langdon, Michael St J Warne, Ronald J. Smernik, Ali Shareef, Rai S. Kookana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This study compared the degradation of indigenous bisphenol A (BPA) and triclosan (TCS) in a biosolids-amended soil, to the degradation of spiked labelled surrogates of the same compounds (BPA-d16 and TCS-13C12). The aim was to determine if spiking experiments accurately predict the degradation of compounds in biosolids-amended soils using two different types of biosolids, a centrifuge dried biosolids (CDB) and a lagoon dried biosolids (LDB). The rate of degradation of the compounds was examined and the results indicated that there were considerable differences between the indigenous and spiked compounds. These differences were more marked for BPA, for which the indigenous compound was detectable throughout the study, whereas the spiked compound decreased to below the detection limit prior to the study completion. The rate of degradation for the indigenous BPA was approximately 5-times slower than that of the spiked BPA-d16. The indigenous and spiked TCS were both detectable throughout the study, however, the shape of the degradation curves varied considerably, particularly in the CDB treatment. These findings show that spiking experiments may not be suitable to predict the degradation and persistence of organic compounds following land application of biosolids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Early online date31 Jan 2013
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Bisphenol A
  • Degradation
  • Labelled isotope
  • Soil
  • Triclosan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering


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