Comparative Perceptual, Affective, and Cardiovascular Responses between Resistance Exercise with and without Blood Flow Restriction in Older Adults

Thomas Parkington, Thomas Maden-Wilkinson, Markos Klonizakis, David Broom

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    29 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Older adults and patients with chronic disease presenting with muscle weakness or musculoskeletal disorders may benefit from low-load resistance exercise (LLRE) with blood flow restriction (BFR). LLRE-BFR has been shown to increase muscle size, strength, and endurance comparable to traditional resistance exercise but without the use of heavy loads. However, potential negative effects from LLRE-BFR present as a barrier to participation and limit its wider use. This study examined the perceptual, affective, and cardiovascular responses to a bout of LLRE-BFR and compared the responses to LLRE and moderate-load resistance exercise (MLRE). Twenty older adults (64.3 ± 4.2 years) performed LLRE-BFR, LLRE and MLRE consisting of 4 sets of leg press and knee extension, in a randomised crossover design. LLRE-BFR was more demanding than LLRE and MLRE through increased pain (p ≤ 0.024, d = 0.8–1.4) and reduced affect (p ≤ 0.048, d = −0.5–−0.9). Despite this, LLRE-BFR was enjoyed and promoted a positive affective response (p ≤ 0.035, d = 0.5–0.9) following exercise comparable to MLRE. This study supports the use of LLRE-BFR for older adults and encourages future research to examine the safety, acceptability, and efficacy of LLRE-BFR in patients with chronic disease.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages16
    JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
    Volume19
    Issue number23
    Early online date30 Nov 2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

    Bibliographical note

    © 2022 by the authors.
    Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
    This article is an open access article
    distributed under the terms and
    conditions of the Creative Commons
    Attribution (CC BY) license (https://
    creativecommons.org/licenses/by/
    4.0/).

    Keywords

    • Article
    • strength training
    • occlusion training
    • pain
    • acceptability
    • tolerability
    • adherence

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative Perceptual, Affective, and Cardiovascular Responses between Resistance Exercise with and without Blood Flow Restriction in Older Adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this