Comparative analysis of TIG welding distortions between austenitic and duplex stainless steels by FEM

J.J. Del Coz Díaz, P. Menéndez Rodríguez, P.J. García Nieto, D. Castro-Fresno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, thermal stress analyses were performed in the tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding process of two different stainless steel specimens in order to compare their distortion mode and magnitude. The growing presence of non-conventional stainless steel species like duplex family generates uncertainty about how their material properties could be affected under the welding process. To develop suitable welding numerical models, authors must consider the welding process parameters, geometrical constraints, material non-linearities and all physical phenomena involved in welding, both thermal and structural. In this sense, four different premises are taken into account. Firstly, all finite elements corresponding to the deposition welding are deactivated and, next, they are reactivated according to the torch’s movement to simulate mass addition from the filler metal into the weld pool. Secondly, the movement of the TIG torch was modelled in a discontinuous way assuming a constant welding speed. Thirdly, the arc heat input was applied to the weld zone using volumetric heat flux distribution functions. Fourthly, the evolution of the structural response has been tackled through a stepwise non-linear coupled analysis. The numerical simulations are validated by means of full-scale experimental welding tests on stainless steel plates. Finally, the results and conclusions of this research work are exposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2448-2459
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Issue number16
Early online date25 Jun 2010
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Welding process
  • Distortion
  • Modeling
  • FEM
  • Temperature-dependent properties


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative analysis of TIG welding distortions between austenitic and duplex stainless steels by FEM'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this