Community gardening is the cultivation of edible and ornamental plants commonly, although not exclusively, by groups of non-professional gardeners in urban or peri-urban areas. This entry is divided into four sections. The first one is a short historical overview, and it also defines the different meanings that the term assumes in the UK and the US context. The second part presents the three main dimensions that characterize community gardening as a phenomenon (land access, organizational structure of the community, and project goals). The third illustrates the main themes in existing research and policy (community building; health, nutrition and the right to food; land and resource access). The concluding section highlights future directions for research, and in particular the need to explore how urban food growing can help redesign radically the links between food and the urban realm, and become a key tool for an alternative urbanism.
Bibliographical noteThis article has been published in The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies on the 15th April 2019.
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- Community gardening
- urban agriculture