Laser-induced spark-ignition (LISI) has an advanced ignition technique with a few benefits over spark ignition. In this study, flame morphology, laminar flame characteristics and combustion characteristics of premixed anhydrous ethanol and air mixtures were investigated using LISI generated by a Q-switched Nd: YAG laser (wavelength: 1064 nm). Experiments were conducted in a constant volume combustion chamber (CVCC) at the initial condition of T 0 =358 K and P 0 =0.1 MPa, respectively, and with equivalence ratios (ɸ) of 0.6-1.6. Flame images were recorded by using the high-speed Schlieren photography technique, and the in-vessel pressure was recorded using a piezoelectric pressure transducer. Tests were also carried out with spark ignition, and the results were used as a reference. It has been found that the laminar flame speed of ethanol-air mixtures with LISI was comparable with those of spark ignition, proving that ignition methods have no influence on laminar flame speed which is an inherent characteristic of a fuel-air mixture. The peak laminar burning velocities for LISI and spark ignition with nonlinear extrapolation methods were approximately 50 cm/s at ɸ=1.1. However, LISI was able to ignite leaner mixtures than spark ignition. The maximum pressure rise rate of LISI was consistently higher than that of spark ignition at all tested ɸ, although the maximum pressure was similar for LISI and spark ignition. The initial combustion duration and main combustion duration reached the minimum at ɸ=1.1.
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- Laser-induced spark-ignition
- Laminar flame speed
- Pressure rise rate