Purpose The purpose of this paper is to propose a collaborative tracking and tracing (T&T) system that enables supply chain actors to join and leave the system in run-time without disrupting the function of the system. Design/methodology/approach A collaborative T&T system is introduced using a conceptual approach. Supporting empirical data are collected through a deductive case study of a Swedish automotive supply chain. Findings A collaborative T&T system based on composite and observer design patterns is an appropriate solution for inter-organizational T&T. Research limitations/implications This research contributes to the body of knowledge in the field of logistics T&T. The conceptually developed collaborative T&T system needs to be validated empirically. Practical implications The collaborative T&T system developed conceptually here could be used as a model for the practical development of inter-organizational T&T systems. Originality/value The introduction of a collaborative T&T system, adopting the theories of software engineering and product data management, represents an original contribution to the field of T&T in logistics and transportation.
- Supply chain
- Tracking and tracing (T&T)