Climate change and peacebuilding: sub-themes of an emerging research agenda

Florian Krampe, Dylan O'Driscoll, McKenzie Johnson, Dahlia Simangan, Farah Hegazi, Cedric de Coning

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Climate change is having profound effects on global security and peacebuilding efforts. While existing research has mainly focused on the link between climate change and conflict, it has largely overlooked the complex interplay between climate change, conflict-affected states, and peacebuilding. Climate change exacerbates existing vulnerabilities in conflict-affected societies by adding stress to livelihoods and negatively impacting food, water, and energy security. This is particularly concerning as climate change is often felt most acutely in settings where public institutions are already failing to meet the population's needs. Consequently, climate change can contribute to exacerbating grievances and hinder the ability to maintain, reinforce, and build peace. Although practitioners in the peacebuilding field are beginning to respond to the effects of climate change, academic research has not adequately addressed the question of how climate change affects peacebuilding and how peacebuilding strategies can respond effectively. To fill this gap, a multidisciplinary approach drawing from climate security, environmental peacebuilding, environmental studies, and peace and conflict studies is needed to develop a research agenda that encompasses the intersections of climate change and peacebuilding. By recognizing the importance of climate change in peacebuilding efforts, this research agenda aims to provide critical insights and guide future studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberiiae057
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Affairs
Early online date22 Apr 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs licence (, which permits non-commercial reproduction and distribution of the work, in any medium, provided the original work is not altered or transformed in any way, and that the work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact


This research was supported by the Network for Education and Research on Peace and Sustainability (NERPS), Hiroshima University.


  • Peace and Conflict


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