Civil and structural engineering applications, recent trends, research and developments on pultruded fiber reinforced polymer closed sections: a review

Alfred Gand, Tak-Ming Chan, James Toby Mottram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)


The objectives of this study are to review and evaluate the developments and applications of pultruded fiber-reinforced polymer composites in civil and structural engineering and review advances in research and developments. Several case applications are reviewed. The paper presents a state-of-the-art review of fundamental research on the behavior of pultruded fiber reinforced polymer closed sections and highlights gaps in knowledge and areas of potential further research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-244
Number of pages18
JournalFrontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering
Issue number3
Early online date18 Aug 2013
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013



  • fibre reinforced polymer composites
  • behaviour of FRPs tubular sections
  • pultruded FRP tubular profiles
  • FRP tubes in bridges
  • applications of pultruded FRP tubes
  • new-build with FRP tubes

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