This paper investigates the adoption of Circular Economy (CE) in the upstream agri-food supply chain, employing a qualitative multiple case study research. The findings suggest that the CE emerges in the upstream agri-food supply chain and the early stage of development. In particular, these include (1) the elimination of pollution and waste start to be implemented due to the realization of cost-saving initiatives, (2) the need for collaboration in the supply chain and with external stakeholders, (3) technology adoption, in particular digital technology, is beneficial to reduce asymmetric information, and (4) social orientation in the form of diverting crops to secondary markets, donations, and involvement of the local community. Some of the advantages from exploiting interfirm collaboration include the creation of adding value in securing raw materials and acquiring knowledge through asset specificity. Uncertainty, due to the absence of a contract with the customers that can protect the growers, influences ineffective waste elimination. This paper contributes to the literature on CE in the upstream agri-food supply chain. Future research is needed to investigate the CE involving downstream agri-food supply chain. The practical implication for the upstream supply chain actors is in terms of making the supply chain more circular.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 11th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, 2021|
|Place of Publication||Singapore|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Mar 2021|
|Event||11th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management|
- virtual, Singapore
Duration: 7 Mar 2021 → 11 Mar 2021
Conference number: 11
|Name||Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management|
|Conference||11th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management|
|Period||7/03/21 → 11/03/21|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study described in this paper was part of the Circular Economy Research and Development Network for the Sustainable Food Supply Chain project. The authors appreciate the funding support from the Academy of Medical Sciences, grant number GCRFNGR3\1211, and the research collaboration between Coventry University and Universitas Indonesia.
© IEOM Society International.
- Circular Economy
- Natural resource-based view
- Transaction cost economics
- Upstream supply chain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Strategy and Management
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering