Chemically Induced Solidification: A New Way to Produce Thin Solid-Near-Net Shapes

Carl Slater, Stephen Spooner, Claire Davis, Seetharaman Sridhar

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In situ observation of the solidification of high-carbon steel (4 wt pct C) through decarburization has been carried out as a feasibility study into reducing high-power usage and high CO2 production involved in steel making. Decarburization has been carried out under both air and pure N2 atmospheres at temperatures of 1573 K and 1673 K (1300 °C and 1400 °C). A solidified shell of around 500 μm was formed with carbon concentrations reduced down to 1 pct in as short as 18 seconds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3221-3224
Number of pages4
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Early online date26 Sept 2016
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


The authors would like to thank EPSRC for funding (Grant Number EP/M014002/1)


  • Cementite
  • Pearlite
  • Decarburization
  • Isothermal Solidification
  • Basic Oxygen Furnace


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