Characterization of Loading Responses and Failure Loci of a Boron Steel Spot Weld

N. D. Raath, D. Norman, I. McGregor, S. Hepple, R. Dashwood, D. J. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
164 Downloads (Pure)


Boron steel, classed as an ultra high-strength steel (UHSS), has been utilized in anti-intrusion systems in automobiles, providing high strength and weight-saving potential through gage reduction. UHSS spot welds exhibit unique hardness distributions, with a hard nugget and outlying base material, but with a soft heat-affected zone in-between these regions. This soft zone reduces the strength of the weld and makes it susceptible to failure. Due to the interaction of various weld zones that occurs during loading, there is a need to characterize the loading response of the weld for accurate failure predictions. The loading response of certain weld zones, as well as failure loci, was obtained through physical simulation of the welding process. The results showed a significant difference in mechanical behavior through the weld length. An important result is that instrumented indentation was shown to be a valid, quantitative method for verifying the accuracy with which weld microstructure has been recreated with regard to the target weld microstructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1536–1551
Number of pages16
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number5
Early online date12 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

Bibliographical note

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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