Changes in physical performance during British Army Junior Entry, British Army Standard Entry and Royal Air Force Basic Training

C A Rue, S D Myers, S L Coakley, K M Ashdown, Ben Lee, B J Hale, A G Siddall, S C Needham-Beck, K L Hinde, J I Osofa, F S Walker, A Fieldhouse, C A J Vine, J Doherty, T R Flood, E F Walker, S Wardle, J P Greeves, S D Blacker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose was to quantify physical performance in men and women during British Army Junior Entry (Army-JE), British Army Standard Entry (Army-SE) and Royal Air Force (RAF) basic training (BT). Prospective longitudinal study. 381 participants ((339 men and 42 women) n=141 Army-JE, n=132 Army-SE, n=108 RAF) completed a 2 km run, medicine ball throw (MBT) and isometric mid-thigh pull (MTP), pre-BT and post-BT. To examine changes in pre-BT to post-BT physical test performance, for each course, paired Student t-test and Wilcoxon test were applied to normally and non-normally distributed data, respectively, with effect sizes reported as Cohen's D and with rank biserial correlations, respectively. A one-way between-subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA) (or Welch ANOVA for non-normally distributed data) compared performance between quartiles based on test performance pre-BT. Where the main tests statistic, p value and effect sizes identified likely effect of quartile, post hoc comparisons were made using Games-Howell tests with Tukey's p value. Data are presented as mean±SD, with statistical significance set at p
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002285
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
JournalBMJ Military Health
Volume(In-Press)
Early online date1 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Feb 2023

Funder

This study was funded by The Defence Human Capability Science & Technology Centre (TIN 3.179).

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