Challenges towards renewable energy: an exploratory study from the Arabian Gulf region

Tariq Umar, Charles Egbu, George Ofori, Mohamed Shaik Honnurvali, Messaoud Saidani, Alex Opoku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)


Considering the importance of energy for social and economic development, access to clean, affordable and reliable energy has been adopted as one of the United Nations sustainable development goals that all countries aim to achieve by 2030. However, much of the world's energy is still produced from fossil fuels and thus the progress towards clean and renewable energy is slow. This paper explores the key challenges towards renewable energy in Gulf Cooperation Council countries blessed with plenty of oil and gas reserves. The key challenges identified through literature review were ranked using a quantitative approach through the data collected from a selective sample across the six countries. These challenges in order of importance were found to be policies and regulations, manpower experience and competencies, renewable energy education, public awareness, costs and incentives for renewable energy and government commitment. The findings could be helpful to decision makers and government organisations in the region to develop strategies to overcome these identified challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-80
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy
Issue number2
Early online date1 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

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This document is the author’s post-print version, incorporating any revisions agreed during the peer-review process. Some differences between the published version and this version may remain and you are advised to consult the published version if you wish to cite from it.


Funding Information: This study received a research fellowship from the Subcommittee for Scholarships and Awards of the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría (Argentine Society of Pediatrics, 2015).


  • Energy
  • Renewable energy
  • Energy conservation
  • Gulf Cooperation Council
  • Sustainable
  • Oil
  • Gas


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