Causes of time overruns in the construction industry in Egypt

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The construction industry sector has ranked third after the tourism and communications sectors in 2017 in the contribution toward the Egyptian economy. Moreover, it was found that the construction industry’s contribution to the GDP of Egypt was 4.8%. Even though, there are several reasons to study the time overruns problem in the
construction industry, especially in Egypt; however, there is not a sufficient amount of research that was conducted on this topic. Therefore, the aim of the research is to investigate the main causes of time overruns in the construction industry in Egypt in the last ten years. The research methodology in this study is the pragmatic
paradigm using mixed design method in collecting data. A list was conducted using RII including the top 10 causes of delays in Egypt's construction industry from previous Egyptian literature regarding the topic. An online survey was distributed to industry experts and answered by 29 respondents to provide the probability
and impact of each risk from previous literature. After that, the data was analysed and validated through phone interviews with 3 industry professionals representing different stakeholders. Thus, the top ten causes of time overruns in Egypt's construction industry are as follow: (1) Currency Sinking in 2017, (2) Financial problems of completed work by client, (3) Covid-19 (Corona Virus) pandemic in 2020, (4) Changes of scope/ Design by owner during construction, (5) Contractor's problems in financing the project alongside with Improper planning and scheduling of project (6) Poor supervision of the site by contractor, (7) Unqualified workforce/ Lack of experience by contractor, (8) Various shapes of bribes to continue the works, (9) Tendering strategies and (10)
Low quality of construction materials causing re-doing the work. The list was compared with the top 10 causes from a study that represented the problem in the period 2001-2010. Thus, there is 50% interference between the causes of delays between this decade and the previous one. From the stakeholders' perspective, there was not many alterations to the given list. Moreover, the Covid-19 pandemic has affected the construction projects in Egypt; however, the experts are optimistic in the next days that the pandemic will not have the same effects as the previous period.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-531
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Research Journal of Modernization in Engineering Technology and Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2021

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