The present study investigates the synthesis of novel strontium (Sr) and barium (Ba) modified crystalline zeolites including Zeolite Socony Mobil-5 (ZSM-5) and Mordenite (MOR) utilizing a batchwise ion-exchange method with an appropriate chloride solution of 3 N at pH 7.2 and 50 °C. Modified zeolites (Ba-ZSM-5 and Ba-MOR, Sr-ZSM-5 and Sr-MOR) were coated with an inert metal (Pt) by a novel supercritical CO2 method using PtMe2COD as a precursor for n-hexane hydroisomerization in a microreactor unit at different temperatures (250–325 °C), H2/HC ratios of 3, 6, and 9, and a pressure of 5 bar. The acidic and physical features of Pt loaded zeolites were systematically characterized using FT-IR, XRD, BET surface area measurements, TGA, and TEM techniques. It is found that the metal loading in scCO2 results in more uniform and very small metal nanoparticle (1.37 nm) dispersion with high stability after reduction. It is also revealed that high loading pressure in scCO2 (280–300 bar) results in higher catalytic activity and surface area. The maximum conversion and selectivity of about 80 and 90% were achieved for n-hexane isomerization at 275 °C and a H2/HC ratio of 6 for Pt/Sr-ZSM-5 catalyst. Results reported that Pt loaded over all zeolites (H-MOR, Sr-MOR, Ba-MOR, H-ZSM-5, Ba-ZSM-5, and Sr-ZSM-5) by the scCO2 method showed the minimum production of cracking products (C1–C5) and maximum isomeric products including iso-C6 isomers (2,2-DMB, 2,3-DMB, 2-MP, and 3-MP). Furthermore, the overall results of the rate of reaction revealed that Pt/Sr-ZSM-5 and Pt/Ba-ZSM-5 catalysts showed a better rate of isomerization (46.44%) and conversion (47%) for n-hexane at 300 °C and a H2/HC ratio of 9 with a minimum rate of cracking. However, it is concluded that the small, pored size Pt loaded ZSM-5 zeolite showed the highest catalytical activity compared to large pored MOR zeolite making it of great interest for diesel and gasoline formation in the oil refining industry.
Funding Information: The authors are grateful for the financial support from the Foundation for Research Support of the State of Rio Grande do Sul – FAPERGS [19/2551-0001865-7] and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development – CNPq [303.622/2017-2]. The authors are also thankful for the financial support from the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Iraq. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 American Chemical Society
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- General Chemical Engineering
- General Chemistry