This article is reproduced from the previous edition, volume 1, pp. 419–423, © 2008, Elsevier Inc. Abstract The causes of cancer are reviewed from the perspective of an epidemiologist. We describe the distribution of cancer worldwide, the influence of migration, and the effects of smoking, obesity, diet, reproductive factors, viruses, occupation and environmental carcinogens, as well as genetic factors and their interactions with various causes. Advances in cell and molecular biology have transformed the scope and methods of cancer epidemiology over the last 25 years, giving new insights into cancer etiology and underlying mechanisms.
|Title of host publication||International Encyclopedia of Public Health (Second Edition)|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Oct 2016|
Bibliographical noteThis article is reproduced from the previous edition, volume 1, pp. 419–423, © 2008, Elsevier Inc.
- Risk factor