Can machines think? A report on Turing test experiments at the Royal Society

Kevin Warwick, Huma Shah

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In this article we consider transcripts that originated from a practical series of Turing's Imitation Game that was held on 6 and 7 June 2014 at the Royal Society London. In all cases the tests involved a three-participant simultaneous comparison by an interrogator of two hidden entities, one being a human and the other a machine. Each of the transcripts considered here resulted in a human interrogator being fooled such that they could not make the ‘right identification’, that is, they could not say for certain which was the machine and which was the human. The transcripts presented all involve one machine only, namely ‘Eugene Goostman’, the result being that the machine became the first to pass the Turing test, as set out by Alan Turing, on unrestricted conversation. This is the first time that results from the Royal Society tests have been disclosed and discussed in a paper.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence
VolumeIn press
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2015

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.


  • deception detection
  • natural language
  • Turing's imitation game
  • chatbots
  • machine misidentification


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