Can Individualised Rehabilitation improve functional independence in elderly patients with COPD?

Louise Sewell, Sally Singh, JE Williams, R Collier, MDL Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objectives
The aims of this study were to establish whether pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves domestic function and daily activity levels in COPD and whether individually targeted exercise is more effective than general exercise.

Design
Prospective randomized, controlled trial.

Setting
Outpatient PR program in secondary care.

Participants
One-hundred eighty patients (mean [±SD] age, 68.3 ± 8.6 years; FEV1, 0.95 ± 0.4 L; FEV1/FVC ratio, 0.51 ± 0.15; 111 male patients; 69 female patients) with stable COPD. One hundred twenty-one patients completed the study.

Interventions
Patients were randomized to a conventional 7-week general exercise program ([GEP] n = 90) or an individually targeted exercise program ([ITEP] n = 90).

Measurement and results
Daily activity was measured using ambulatory activity monitors (Z80 –32k V1 Int; Gaehwiler Electronics; Hombrechtikon, Switzerland). These were lightweight devices, which contained a uniaxial accelerometer. Domestic function was assessed by the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). Exercise performance was assessed by the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) and the endurance shuttle walk test and health status by the chronic respiratory questionnaire–self-reported. Activity monitor counts increased by 29.18% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.19 to 55.17; p = 0.03) for the GEP and 40.63% (95% CI, 7.42 to 73.83; p = 0.02) for the ITEP. Mean COPM performance scores increased by 1.71 (95% CI, 1.37 to 2.05; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 1.46 (95% CI, 1.05 to 1.87; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. Mean COPM satisfaction scores increased by 2.27 (95% CI, 1.74 to 2.81; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 2.04 (95% CI, 1.56 to 2.52; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. ISWT scores increased by 81.72 m (range, 63.83 to 99.62) for the GEP and by 85.52 m (range, 67.62 to 103.42) for the ITEP. No statistically significant difference was found between the general exercise group and the individually targeted exercise group for any outcome measure.

Conclusions
Pulmonary rehabilitation improves domestic function and physical activity. This study also demonstrates that general exercise training is as effective as individually targeted training.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1200
Number of pages7
JournalChest
Volume128
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Rehabilitation
Exercise
Confidence Intervals
Secondary Care
Lung
Switzerland
Health Status
Randomized Controlled Trials
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • COPD
  • COPM
  • daily activity
  • pulmonary rehabilitation

Cite this

Can Individualised Rehabilitation improve functional independence in elderly patients with COPD? / Sewell, Louise; Singh, Sally; Williams, JE; Collier, R; Morgan, MDL.

In: Chest, Vol. 128, No. 4, 09.2005, p. 1194-1200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sewell, Louise ; Singh, Sally ; Williams, JE ; Collier, R ; Morgan, MDL. / Can Individualised Rehabilitation improve functional independence in elderly patients with COPD?. In: Chest. 2005 ; Vol. 128, No. 4. pp. 1194-1200.
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abstract = "Study objectivesThe aims of this study were to establish whether pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves domestic function and daily activity levels in COPD and whether individually targeted exercise is more effective than general exercise.DesignProspective randomized, controlled trial.SettingOutpatient PR program in secondary care.ParticipantsOne-hundred eighty patients (mean [±SD] age, 68.3 ± 8.6 years; FEV1, 0.95 ± 0.4 L; FEV1/FVC ratio, 0.51 ± 0.15; 111 male patients; 69 female patients) with stable COPD. One hundred twenty-one patients completed the study.InterventionsPatients were randomized to a conventional 7-week general exercise program ([GEP] n = 90) or an individually targeted exercise program ([ITEP] n = 90).Measurement and resultsDaily activity was measured using ambulatory activity monitors (Z80 –32k V1 Int; Gaehwiler Electronics; Hombrechtikon, Switzerland). These were lightweight devices, which contained a uniaxial accelerometer. Domestic function was assessed by the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). Exercise performance was assessed by the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) and the endurance shuttle walk test and health status by the chronic respiratory questionnaire–self-reported. Activity monitor counts increased by 29.18{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 3.19 to 55.17; p = 0.03) for the GEP and 40.63{\%} (95{\%} CI, 7.42 to 73.83; p = 0.02) for the ITEP. Mean COPM performance scores increased by 1.71 (95{\%} CI, 1.37 to 2.05; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 1.46 (95{\%} CI, 1.05 to 1.87; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. Mean COPM satisfaction scores increased by 2.27 (95{\%} CI, 1.74 to 2.81; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 2.04 (95{\%} CI, 1.56 to 2.52; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. ISWT scores increased by 81.72 m (range, 63.83 to 99.62) for the GEP and by 85.52 m (range, 67.62 to 103.42) for the ITEP. No statistically significant difference was found between the general exercise group and the individually targeted exercise group for any outcome measure.ConclusionsPulmonary rehabilitation improves domestic function and physical activity. This study also demonstrates that general exercise training is as effective as individually targeted training.",
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AU - Singh, Sally

AU - Williams, JE

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N2 - Study objectivesThe aims of this study were to establish whether pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves domestic function and daily activity levels in COPD and whether individually targeted exercise is more effective than general exercise.DesignProspective randomized, controlled trial.SettingOutpatient PR program in secondary care.ParticipantsOne-hundred eighty patients (mean [±SD] age, 68.3 ± 8.6 years; FEV1, 0.95 ± 0.4 L; FEV1/FVC ratio, 0.51 ± 0.15; 111 male patients; 69 female patients) with stable COPD. One hundred twenty-one patients completed the study.InterventionsPatients were randomized to a conventional 7-week general exercise program ([GEP] n = 90) or an individually targeted exercise program ([ITEP] n = 90).Measurement and resultsDaily activity was measured using ambulatory activity monitors (Z80 –32k V1 Int; Gaehwiler Electronics; Hombrechtikon, Switzerland). These were lightweight devices, which contained a uniaxial accelerometer. Domestic function was assessed by the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). Exercise performance was assessed by the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) and the endurance shuttle walk test and health status by the chronic respiratory questionnaire–self-reported. Activity monitor counts increased by 29.18% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.19 to 55.17; p = 0.03) for the GEP and 40.63% (95% CI, 7.42 to 73.83; p = 0.02) for the ITEP. Mean COPM performance scores increased by 1.71 (95% CI, 1.37 to 2.05; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 1.46 (95% CI, 1.05 to 1.87; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. Mean COPM satisfaction scores increased by 2.27 (95% CI, 1.74 to 2.81; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 2.04 (95% CI, 1.56 to 2.52; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. ISWT scores increased by 81.72 m (range, 63.83 to 99.62) for the GEP and by 85.52 m (range, 67.62 to 103.42) for the ITEP. No statistically significant difference was found between the general exercise group and the individually targeted exercise group for any outcome measure.ConclusionsPulmonary rehabilitation improves domestic function and physical activity. This study also demonstrates that general exercise training is as effective as individually targeted training.

AB - Study objectivesThe aims of this study were to establish whether pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves domestic function and daily activity levels in COPD and whether individually targeted exercise is more effective than general exercise.DesignProspective randomized, controlled trial.SettingOutpatient PR program in secondary care.ParticipantsOne-hundred eighty patients (mean [±SD] age, 68.3 ± 8.6 years; FEV1, 0.95 ± 0.4 L; FEV1/FVC ratio, 0.51 ± 0.15; 111 male patients; 69 female patients) with stable COPD. One hundred twenty-one patients completed the study.InterventionsPatients were randomized to a conventional 7-week general exercise program ([GEP] n = 90) or an individually targeted exercise program ([ITEP] n = 90).Measurement and resultsDaily activity was measured using ambulatory activity monitors (Z80 –32k V1 Int; Gaehwiler Electronics; Hombrechtikon, Switzerland). These were lightweight devices, which contained a uniaxial accelerometer. Domestic function was assessed by the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). Exercise performance was assessed by the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) and the endurance shuttle walk test and health status by the chronic respiratory questionnaire–self-reported. Activity monitor counts increased by 29.18% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.19 to 55.17; p = 0.03) for the GEP and 40.63% (95% CI, 7.42 to 73.83; p = 0.02) for the ITEP. Mean COPM performance scores increased by 1.71 (95% CI, 1.37 to 2.05; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 1.46 (95% CI, 1.05 to 1.87; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. Mean COPM satisfaction scores increased by 2.27 (95% CI, 1.74 to 2.81; p = 0.0001) for the GEP and 2.04 (95% CI, 1.56 to 2.52; p = 0.0001) for the ITEP. ISWT scores increased by 81.72 m (range, 63.83 to 99.62) for the GEP and by 85.52 m (range, 67.62 to 103.42) for the ITEP. No statistically significant difference was found between the general exercise group and the individually targeted exercise group for any outcome measure.ConclusionsPulmonary rehabilitation improves domestic function and physical activity. This study also demonstrates that general exercise training is as effective as individually targeted training.

KW - COPD

KW - COPM

KW - daily activity

KW - pulmonary rehabilitation

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VL - 128

SP - 1194

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JO - Chest

JF - Chest

SN - 0012-3692

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ER -