Caffeine Supplementation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Caffeine is one of the most consumed psychoactive substances worldwide. Antagonism of adenosine receptors are the leading hypothesis to explain the ergogenic effects of caffeine on exercise performance. Caffeine ingestion can be ergogenic for endurance and short duration cycling performance, with the beneficial effect generally independent of training status, habitual caffeine intake, and sex. However, caffeine ingestion is associated with some side-effects including increased heart rate, anxiety, headaches, hindered sleep quality, and gastrointestinal distress. Therefore, the objectives of this chapter are to outline the mechanisms underpinning these effects, summarise the current evidence concerning the effect of caffeine on cycling performance, identify moderators that hold the potential to influence the ergogenic properties of caffeine, and finally, provide practical recommendations for athletes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNutrition and Supplements in Cycling
EditorsLewis A. Gough, S. Andy Sparks
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781003375418
ISBN (Print)9781032451077, 9781032451084
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 selection and editorial matter, Lewis A. Gough and S. Andy Sparks; individual chapters, the contributors.


  • Caffeine
  • Cycling


Dive into the research topics of 'Caffeine Supplementation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this